Angular Directives

  • Directive is a Js Class
  • It is declared as @directive
  • We have three directives as follows
    1. Component directive: this is the main class which has the details of processing , initiating and using a component at runtime.
    2. Structural directive: this directive is used to modify the dom elements. It start with *. For eg *ngIf , *ngFor
    3. Attribute directive: Used to change the look of the dom. We can create our own custom directive.

Custom Directive:

We can create a custom directive using below command.

	ng g directive custom	
Bellow SS show the output of above command.


As we see the custom.directive.ts and custom.directive.spec.ts are created and details are added to app.module.ts

Below code shows the how app.module.ts will look like after creating a custom directive.

import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';

import { AppRoutingModule } from './app-routing.module';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import { MyfirstcomponentComponent } from './myfirstcomponent/myfirstcomponent.component';
import { CustomDirective } from './custom.directive';

  declarations: [
  imports: [
  providers: [],
  bootstrap: [AppComponent]
export class AppModule { }

We can see from above code, a custom directive is imported and an entry is made in the declaration section.

import { Directive } from '@angular/core';

  selector: '[appCustom]'
export class CustomDirective {

  constructor() { }


Custom directive has a directive and a selector.

Lets use custom.directive inside app.component.html as below. As we can see appCustom is used as an attribute in a h1 tag.

<div class="content">
  <h1 appCustom ></h1>
  <button (click) = "myfun($event)"> 
    Click Me

Lets modify the custom.directive.ts as below to display the text using attribute directive.

import { Directive, ElementRef, } from '@angular/core';

  selector: '[appCustom]'
export class CustomDirective {

  constructor(Element: ElementRef) { 
    Element.nativeElement.innerText = "This text is inserted using custom directive";


Bellow SS show the output on a browser


Subscribe Now