What is ROUTE 53?
AWS Route 53 is a highly scalable and available Domain Name System (DNS) web service. Route 53 is designed for developers & corporate to route the end users to Internet applications by translating human readable names like Domain Names i.e. salesforcedrillers.com, Web Hosting, and Free Domain Services , into the numeric IP addresses like 192.X.X.X
AWS Route 53 effectively connects user requests to infrastructure running in AWS – such as Amazon EC2 instances, Elastic Load Balancing load balancers, or Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) buckets – and it can also be used to route users request to infrastructure outside of AWS.
What is DNS?
DNS do translation of Internet domain and host names to Internet protocol (IP) addresses. It automatically converts the names which we type in Web browser address bar to the IP addresses of Web Servers hosting those sites. Source
- We do so because it is easier to remember names than to remember long decimal numeric values. For example www.example.com maps to 126.96.36.199
Amazon Route 53 performs three main functions:
Domain registration: AWS Route 53 lets you register domain names, like example.com.
DNS service: AWS Route 53 translates friendly domain names like www.example.com into Internet protocol (IP) addresses like 192.x.x.x.
Health checking: AWS Route 53 sends automated requests over the Internet to your application to validate whether it is reachable, available, and functional or not.
ROUTE 53 LAB
Steps to domain name registration:
Step1: Go to Services from their search Route 53 and then click on Dashboard from the left side panel of Route 53.
Step 2: Choose your desired domain name from “Choose a domain name” search bar and then click on check.
Step 3: Choose years as per your requirement.
Step 4: Now fill your details
What is Hosted Zone: A hosted zone is an aws Route 53 concept. A hosted zone is analogous to a traditional DNS zone file; it represents a group of records that can be managed together, belonging to a single parent domain name. All the resource record sets are within a hosted zone must have the hosted zone’s domain name as a suffix.
Steps to create a hosted zone:
Step 1: From the left panel, below to Dashboard click on Hosted Zone then provide the Domain Name i.e. example.com and then click on Create button.
Step 2: Once your provided hosted zone created successfully it will be shown as below:
Step 3: Click on your newly created hosted zone i.e. example.com, after clicking on example.com, you will get as below:
Step 4: Click on “Create Record Set”
Step 5: Fill your server public IP and click on create.
Step 6: Now check your DNS by hitting on the browser.