Kotlin Programming language Overview

Kotlin is an open-source programming language that can run also on Java Virtual Machine (JVM) and It is a programming language which combines Object Oriented Programming (OOPs) and functional programming in an unrestricted, self – sufficient and distinctive platform.

Kotlin is a language that was proposed by JetBrains and It can run on numerous platforms and we can apply the twinning of functionalities by miniature codes in Kotlin.

History of Kotlin

Here, the important landmarks from the history of Kotlin, shown below.

Year Event
2016 Kotlin v1.0 was launched in this year
2017 Announcement of Google on the first class support of kotlin in android dev
2018 Kotlin v1.2 comes with add on distributing codes between Java virtual machine
2019 Google announced Kotlin as its preferred programming language for Android App Developers

Reasons of using Kotlin

There are some important reasons why Kotlin is used widely:

  • Kotlin is a statically-typed language which can be very easy to read and write.
  • Kotlin programs do not require semicolons in their program and it makes the code easy and readable.
  • kotlin language allows interchange and use of information from Java in various ways and Moreover, Java and Kotlin code can co-exist in the same android project too.
  • Kotlin’s type system language which it aimed to eliminate NullPointerException from the code.
  • It’ll take less time for writing new code in Kotlin and it’s even easier to deploy kotlin code and to maintain it at scale.

Architecture of Kotlin

A well-built architecture is very important for an app to scale up its features and meet the expectations of the end-user base and Kotlin language has its own peculiar and distinctive architecture to allocate the memory and also to get quality outcomes for the developers and end-users.

Kotlin’s programming language classes architect the core in such a way to produce less boilerplate code, amplify the performance, and reinforce the efficiency and there are a variety of scenarios in where the kotlin compiler can react differently, especially whenever it is working with various kinds of languages.

In the architecture diagram, as it shows it is clear that code execution is done in three easy steps.

  1. In the first step, “.kt” or kotlin file is added into the compiler.
  2. In the second step, Kotlin compiler converts the code into bytecode like in java.
  3. In the final step, bytecode is put into the Java Virtual Machine and executed by the JVM.

When a couple of byte coded files operate on JVM and they are likely to kindle the mutual communication among themselves and which is why the feature in Kotlin called Interoperability for Java.

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